Fabrics used as floor coverings. They add beauty, comfort and warmth to a room, and help absorb sound. Rugs and carpets also help protect floors and provide a safeguard against falling. Most rugs and carpets are used in homes and other buildings, but some cover outdoors surfaces. Some rugs are used as decorative wall hangings.
The words rug pads and carpet are sometimes used interchangeable, but they refer to different types of floor coverings. A rug covers only part of the floor of a room and is not fastened down. A carpet covers an entire floor as is nailed or tucked down.
An authentic oriental rug is a handmade carpet that is either knotted with pile or woven without pile. Oriental – design rugs made by machine, made through hand-tufting or any method other than hand-knotting or hand-weaving are not considered authentic oriental rugs.
Oriental carpets served many uses besides covering floors. They made handsome curtains, served as tribute money, and were frequently gifts of one state to another. They were used as blankets, canopies, coverings for tent openings, and tomb covers. They have also made excellent saddle covers and storage bags for use in tents. Such modest rugs were always close to the life of the people, who lavished care on them and into them wove life-protecting symbols. Other, more bizarre, uses have included assisting in the demise of al-Mustaʿṣim, Baghdad’s last caliph—who in 1258 was wrapped in a carpet and beaten to death—and dramatically enhancing Cleopatra’s introduction to Julius Cesar, when she stepped out of an unrolled rug. In less well-documented instances, they have assumed magical properties and taken flight.
These rugs normally come from a broad geographical region extending from China and Vietnam in the east to Turkey, Maghreb countries and Iran in the west and the Caucasus in the north to India in the south. People from different cultures, countries, racial groups and religious faiths are involved in the production of oriental rugs.
Oriental rugs are organized by origin Persian rugs, Anatolian rugs, Kurdish rugs, Caucasian rugs, Central Asian rugs, Turkestanian rugs, Chinese rugs, and Tibetans Rugs.